Anglo-Saxon place names end in -ham, -ing, -stowe, -stead, - and -ton.
Viking place names end in -by, -thorpe, -toft, and -scale.
Burh - Anglo-Saxon defended settlement.
Kaer Lundein - "Lud's City" - London.
The White Mound.
Lunnd - marsh (Gaelic).
Laindon - long hill.
Llyndon - stronghold (dun) by the lake or stream (llyn) (Welsh).
Pen - Celtic signifier for head or hill.
Ton - variant of tor/tot/tote which means spring or rising ground.
Cockaigne - Celtic word for London.